Humans have not yet landed on an asteroid or Jupiter. While there have been missions to asteroids, such as the Hayabusa and OSIRIS-REx missions, these involved robotic spacecraft, not human astronauts.
Similarly, no human has ever landed on Jupiter, as it is a gas giant with extreme conditions that make it impossible for humans to survive.
But Scientists have now predicted daring predictions about humans landing on an Asteroid and on the gas giant Jupiter and Saturn
Some Rocket scientists have predicted that human space missions to the Asteroid Belt could take place within 50 years, provided humans reach Mars by 2038.
It means that human landings on other celestial objects – beyond the Moon and Mars – could be witnessed by many who are alive today.
Space exploration and human missions to celestial bodies are ongoing areas of research and development. Future missions, such as NASA’s Artemis program focused on returning humans to the Moon, or proposed missions to asteroids could potentially pave the way for human landings on asteroids.
However, human missions to Jupiter are high ambitions due to the planet’s extreme environment and enormous distance from Earth.
In 2020, NASA’s Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) briefly touched down on an ancient asteroid, known as Bennu, to collect dust and pebbles from the surface for delivery to Earth in 2023.
Professor Stephen Hawking warned that humans must leave Earth in the next 200 years if we want to survive.
The English theoretical physicist and cosmologist believed that life on Earth ran the risk of being wiped out by an asteroid strike, runaway AI, or alien invasion. He also added that overpopulation, human aggression, and climate change could cause humanity to self-destruct.
Hawking believed that it was too risky to put all humanity’s eggs into one basket and that future generations needed to start a new life anywhere in space.
human activity beyond Earth. The moon is the closest celestial body to Earth, and astronauts have already traveled that distance with proven spacecraft technology – landing on a body at a distance of 0.0026 Astronomical Units.
The next step will be a lunar base – NASA’s Artemis mission and Lunar Exploration Program in the 2020s. Establishing a base on the moon will play a prominent role in preparing for the crewed missions to Mars.
Then, humans could reach Mars in about 2037, at which point the radius of human activity will increase to 0.3763 AU.
Assuming this mission is successful, a base could be established on Mars to support further crewed exploration programs to other celestial bodies in the Solar System.
According to the paper, if all goes well, humans could land on asteroids in 2073, Jupiter in 2103, and Saturn in 2132.
According to some papers, it is implicitly assumed that technology related to space exploration will keep developing at a brisk pace, thereby continuing further research and development.
The study measures technological growth by counting the number of scientific papers published on deep space exploration in the US every year. This is then used “as a proxy to gauge the overall technology level of cutting-edge developments in this complex realm”, as per the paper.
So that we can conclude, the purpose of the analysis is to provide a projected timeframe for crewed missions beyond Mars. Findings suggest the first human missions from a spacefaring nation or international collaboration to the Asteroid Belt and Jovian System could be scheduled as soon as ~2071 to ~2087 and ~2101 to ~2121, respectively, while a launch to the Saturn System may occur by the year ~2132, with an uncertainty window of ~2129 to ~2153.